What are we safeguarding against? Copy

There are four main catagories of harm that we are required to safeguard against:

  • Physical harm

  • Emotional harm

  • Sexual harm

  • Neglect

Within these categories, we need to have an awareness of:

  • Child on child abuse
  • Serious violence
  • Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
  • Potential for radicalisation
  • Online safety
  • Mental Health

More specific concerns to watch out for include:

  • Abuse or inappropriate relationships
  • Grooming (in person, online, by phone, etc)
  • Inappropriate supervision (by parents or staff, e.g. too much, too little)
  • Bullying, cyber-bullying
  • Self-harm, risky behaviour
  • Unsafe activities and environments
  • Accidents e.g. road, home
  • Crime
  • Fear of crime


More specific risk factors to watch out for include:

  • Exploitation including financial, sexual exploitation
  • Immigration issues
  • Unsafe environments e.g. parks, sports grounds
  • Homelessness and unsuitable housing
  • Victimisation due to race, sexuality, faith, gender, disability and so on
  • Alcohol and drug misuse
  • Mental health problems


In fact… a safeguarding concern can be:

  • Anything which causes us to be concerned that a child or young person (or anyone else) may be at risk of serious harm.
  • But – not everything will be referred on – only what needs to be.